What is the Greater Manchester Lieutenancy?
Greater Manchester Lieutenancy is one of 55 that exist throughout England and Wales.
The County of Greater Manchester is made up of 10 Metropolitan Districts and Boroughs namely, Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan and has a combined population of 2.5 Million people.
To the left is a photograph of the Lord Mayor of Manchester's Civic Dinner at the Town Hall with the Mayors and Consorts of the Boroughs and the Lord-Lieutenant and High Sheriff of Greater Manchester.
The Lord-Lieutenant is Her Majesty The Queen's representative in the County and he is, currently, assisted by over 70 Deputy Lieutenants in fulfilling his task.
Further details regarding the Deputy Lieutenants are available throughout the web Site.
The History of the Lieutenancy
The Office of Lord-Lieutenant is military in origin and can be said to date from the reign of Henry VIII when its holder was made responsible for the maintenance of order, and for all military measures necessary locally for defence. By 1569 provision was made for the appointment of deputies. In 1757 the militia was reorganised under the Lord-Lieutenant and his deputies at a time when the country was feeling the strain of the lengthy wars of that century.
By the Regulation of the Forces Act 1871, the militia was removed from the Lord-Lieutenant's direct control, but not until 1921, did he finally lose the power to call on all able-bodied men of the county to fight in case of need.
From his earliest days the Lord-Lieutenant has also been closely associated with the magistracy and until the 19th century he appointed the Clerk of the Peace. He is now appointed Keeper of the Rolls and it is his duty as such to ensure that the correct standard of conduct as Magistrate is observed by all Justices of the Peace.
The Lieutenancy in Greater Manchester came into existence on the 1st April, 1974 with creation of the County and the appointment of Sir William Downward. Sir William remained as Lord-Lieutenant until 1987; he died on New Years Day 2005.
Sir William was succeeded by Colonel Sir John Timmins who was appointed as Lord-Lieutenant on 10th December, 1987 and he served until his retirement on 23rd June, 2007.
The current Lord-Lieutenant, Mr. Warren Smith, was appointed on the 24th June, 2007 after serving as a Deputy Lieutenant since 1995 and as High Sheriff during 1997/98.
The Purpose Today
The fundamental principle concerning the office of Lord-Lieutenant is that he is Her Majesty's representative in his county, and consequently, it is his first and foremost duty to uphold the dignity of the Crown.
It is considered that the Lord-Lieutenant will be following the example of Her Majesty The Queen as he seeks to promote a good atmosphere and spirit of co-operation by the encouragement he gives to voluntary service; benevolent organisations; and by the interest he takes in the commercial and social life of his county.
The main duties of the Lord-Lieutenant may be classified under five headings:
(a) Visits of Members of the Royal Family to the county;
(b) Royal Navy, Army, and Royal Air Force, at the command of Her Majesty, or invitation of the Commander concerned;
(c) Civic and Social;
(d) Presentation of Medals and Awards on behalf of Her Majesty;
(e) Keeper of the Rolls;
The Vice Lord-Lieutenant and the Deputy Lieutenants assist the Lord-Lieutenant, as and when called upon to do so, across the full range of his duties (except for Keeper of the Rolls).